This home to the mountains of the moon and the source of the longest river on the entire planet (river Nile) is one stop center for outstanding and classic wildlife encounters. The country is often described as Africa and the pearl of Africa and yes its very true because Uganda is gifted with various wildlife natural attractions that most cases leave adventurous tourists visiting the country just yearning for more. This beautiful country is located in the great east African region neighbored by Kenya, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania and southern Sudan.
Uganda is one of the places on the planet where mountain gorillas can be viewed in their natural habitants. Uganda has over 450 mountain gorillas, which is roughly half of the remaining mountain gorilla population on the entire planet. These in habit the forested mountains of Bwindi impenetrable national park, which is also a world heritage, site as well as Mgahinga gorilla national park. These two mountain gorilla national parks are all situated in southwestern Uganda are among the leading wildlife destinations that offer exclusive wildlife and primate experiences. Mountain gorillas are primates over 98% DNA similar to humans. They like staying in forested mountainous landscapes and live in groups/families ranging from 10 and more. Each of these families is led by the most strongest and dominant mountain gorilla, which is usually referred to as a silverback.
There are 11 mountain gorilla groups/families in Uganda that are opened to tracking by tourists. These are accustomed to human beings presence in their habitants (habituated) and can therefore tolerate the presence of tourists without attacking them unless provoked. Mountain gorillas are very calm animals but can be irritated when one gets too close to them, try to touch their young ones, miscommunication especially incase a tourist tries to imitate the mountain gorilla behavior, noise, among others. For this reason, tourists are usually briefed way before they go tracking to ensure their safety.
Mountain gorilla tracking can be best done in the dry season especially from around June to July and from January to February because of less chances of rainfall that can some how disrupt the tracking process. Mountain gorilla tracking is surely an activity that adventurous tourists and nature lovers should not surely miss while on a wildlife tour or safari in Uganda.
Mountain gorillas are not the only primates that Uganda has, as there are also a number of chimpanzees especially in Kibale forest national park in western Uganda. Commonly referred to as the primate capital of east Africa, Kibale forest national park has the highest chimpanzee population and therefore the best place for chimpanzee tracking in East Africa. The chimpanzees here also live in groups that range from 20 and more and usually mover from one place to another probably searching for food. Chimpanzee tracking and the chimpanzee habituation experience are the leading primate activities that are carried out in this national park. While tracking chimpanzees here, tourists stand a chance to view many other wildlife species in the forest including birds, reptiles, unique tree and plant species as well as many insects.
Away from the primates, Uganda is blessed with a number of savanna wildlife species that inhabit the major savanna national parks that the country has. These include African elephants, cape buffaloes, zebras, lions, antelopes, hartebeests, hippos, crocodiles, giraffes, plus many bird species. Most of these are viewed while on game drives or boat cruises. The major savanna national parks in Uganda include Queen Elizabeth national park, Murchison falls national park, Lake Mburo national park, Kidepo valley national park among others. These can be visited at any time of the year however best experiences can be had in the dry season.
Uganda apart from wildlife has a great cultural diversity with over 50 tribes each with a very unique tradition and custom. The people are also very friendly and very welcoming but most importantly very easy to connect with even when you are meeting for the first time.