Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is the most visited national park in Uganda. Sir Winston Churchill in 1902 called Uganda ‘The Pearl of Africa’ and if you visit Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, you’ll see why. Home to roughly half of the world’s mountain gorillas, Bwindi Impenetrable forest is a tropical rain forest, one of the oldest forests in the world.
The park is located in South Western Uganda lieing on the edge of the Western Rift valley (Albertine rift). Currently it is shared by Kanungu, Kabale and Kisoro districts.
Bwindi Forest is cold especially in the morning and at night. The annual average temperature range is 7°C – 20°C with the coldest period being June and July. While on safari, clients are advised to have warm clothing, plus wet weather gear since Bwindi receives up to 2390mm of rain/ year. This is concentrated during two wet seasons, short rains in March-May and heavy rains in September-November.
Biodiversity In Bwindi Forest
The park supports a tremendous biodiversity. While most of today’s forests are no more than 12,000 years old, Bwindi’s vegetation has been weaving itself into tangles over at least 25,000 years, in the process accumulating a lengthy species list. The park protects over 310 species of butterfly, 51 reptiles, 200 trees, 88 moths and an exceptional 120 types of mammal including 10 primates.
The park’s mammals that will catch your eye include several primates. Primates in this park include chimpanzee, Red tailed Monkey, Blue monkey, black and white colobus, baboon, L’Hoest Monkey, and Bwindi’s most famous resident, the mountain gorilla.
The park also has different bird species that cannot be found anywhere else in Africa and these include Short-tailed Warbler, Gruer’s Rush Warbler, Bar-tailed Trogon, Yellow-eyed black Fly-catcher, Dusky Crimson Wing, White-tailed Blue Monarch, Wilcock’s Honey-guide, Rusty-faced woodland and the Warbler Kivu Ground Thrush.after the the gorilla trekking and the birding you can also go on nature walks,visit the local community and also view the Munyaga waterfalls as a way to relax.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is most famous for gorilla trekking. Also called gorilla tracking, this Once in a Lifetime Visit to the Gorillas is a world class adventure that you should not miss during your holiday in Uganda. This wonderful wildlife encounter will enable you to walk with these magnificent animals, follow their activities in one hour, take photographs and create truly unforgettable memories.
These gorillas are only found in Uganda, Rwanda and the Dr Congo, therefore this type of trek is not one that you can experience anywhere.
Bwindi Impenetrable Forest is a great place for mountain gorilla trekking in Africa. There are 12 habituated gorilla groups in Bwindi Impenetrable Forest that can be visited by tourists.
The gorilla groups include
- Mubare group (10 gorillas, 1 silverback),
- Habinyanja group (18 gorillas, 1 silverback)
- Rushegura group (10 gorillas, 1 silverback)
- Nkuringo group (19 gorillas)
The activity of gorilla trekking is unpredictable. Depending on where they are at a given time, a gorilla trek in Bwindi can take from just a 30 minutes walk to a full day hike! Basing on most treks, the average hikes takes two hours to meet the gorillas and the chances to see these great apes are 99%. There have been a few times when a gorilla group to track moves far making it hard for visitors to visit it. In such circumstances tourists can be taken to another group or track another group the next day!
Please note that gorilla trekking can be very challenging – and very steep.
- Visit Bwindi – the Ultimate guide to planning a trip to Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.